Understanding Field Sobriety Tests
With a Qualified & Experienced DUI Lawyer in Southern California
Field sobriety tests are tests the arresting officer uses to check for the driver’s ability to physically perform the given test and to see how well the driver follows directions. The major problems with these tests are that the officers give these directions very quickly, very poorly, often not following proper procedure, and they’ve had plenty of experience performing and instructing these tests. The driver who is pulled over, usually in the middle of the night, hearing these instructions for the first time while being interrogated by law enforcement, often on the dangerous side of the roadway, will naturally have trouble understanding and following each and every minute detail. This ‘failure to follow directions’, however, may be presented as evidence that the driver was therefore under the influence of alcohol, thereby justifying the arrest.
Prevent this from happening to you and call a proficient and aggressive Southern California DUI lawyer to fight these charges. Contact The Law Offices of Paul S. Geller online or call us at (626) 714-3112.
Standard Field Sobriety Tests
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) conducted several studies, utilized other studies across the nation, and formulated what it found to be the most reliable field sobriety tests used by law enforcement. They are known as Standard Field Sobriety Tests or SFSTs. After studying the six most common field sobriety tests across the country, NHTSA and the Southern California Research Institute (SCRI) determined the following three to be the most accurate.
Those tests are:
1) Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus – the officer is supposed to check your eyes using a stimulus and will be checking for various indicators which might show that you are under the influence of alcohol
2) The Walk and Turn – this is what the general public often misstates as the walk the line test, where the officer observes you walking heel to toe and should be looking for certain indicators
3) The One Leg Stand – another test where the officer is checking for divided attention skills of both following directions and physical performance.
The results of their studies were as follows:
- The Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN) – by itself, this test, WHEN DONE PROPERLY, was accurate 77% of the time
- The Walk and Turn – by itself, this test, WHEN DONE PROPERLY, was accurate 68% of the time
- The One Leg Stand – by itself, this test, WHEN DONE PROPERLY, was accurate 65% of the time
What does it mean to be accurate? Accurate means, when done properly, this test would have the above percentage of accuracy that the person being tested was exhibiting a blood alcohol level of .10 or higher at the time. Therefore, even when done accurately, these tests have reasonable doubt built into them because of the percentages that they are wrong or inaccurate.
Understand & Exercise Your Rights
This is just an example as to why it is important that you hire an attorney who is educated in this highly specialized area, who understands the proper procedures and administration of these tests, and who is someone who can ensure the accuracy of the tests to enforce your rights.
Do not talk to police. Do not provide statements, even if you think they are statements which declare your innocence; they will only be twisted and used against you. First, consult with a lawyer. We highly recommend that you do not handle these cases on your own. Do not consent to a search of your person/residence/vehicle. Demand a search warrant. Ask for your lawyer. These are your constitutional rights; exercise them!
You can reach The Law Offices of Paul S. Geller at (626) 714-3112 to schedule a free case evaluation with our experienced Southern California DUI attorney today.